In the Facebook post of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Soccsksargen, they have identified ten of the threatened plants that are commonly poached.
Ten Commonly Poached Threatened Plants
Here is the list of threatened plants that are commonly poached:
- Orchids (Dendrobiums, Hoyas, Lady Slippers, Phalaenopsis, Waling-waling)
- Ferns (Staghorns, Ant ferns, Maidenhairs, Pakpak-lawin, Pugad-lawin)
- Tree Ferns
- Zingibers (WIld Gingers)
- Molave (for Bonsai)
- Agarwoods (Lapnisan)
List of Threatened Philippine Plants
Based on the Updated National List of Threatened Philippine Plants which was issued 2017, there are almost a thousand of plants included in the list. The plants are classified as Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, and Other Threatened Species. Check the list of the threatened Philippine plants HERE.
Classification of Endangered Plant
According to the DENR Administrative Order No. 2017-11, here are the following criteria in determining threatened plant species:
- Present destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range.
- Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes.
- Other natural or man-made factors affecting existing of wildlife.
- Perceived/observed population size reduction.
- Species’ geographic range (extent of occurrence and/ or area of occupancy).
- Small population size and continuing decline in such population.
- Very small or restricted population.
Republic Act No. 9147 or the “Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act” is the act that aims to do the following:
- To conserve and protect wildlife species and their habitats to promote ecological balance and enhance biological diversity.
- To regulate the collection and trade of wildlife.
- To pursue, with due regard to the national interest, the Philippine commitment to international conventions, protection of wildlife and their habitats.
- To initiate or support scientific studies on the conservation of biological diversity.
For any individuals caught collecting plants that belong to the threatened or endangered species, here are the following penalties according to RA 9147:
Critically Endangered Species
- Imprisonment of a minimum of six (6) years and one (1) day to twelve (12) years and/or a fine of PHP 100,000.00 to PHP 1,000,000.00.
- Imprisonment of four (4) years and one (1) day to six (6) years and/or a fine of PHP 50,000.00 to PHP 500,000.00.
- Imprisonment of two (2) years and one (1) day to four (4) years and/or a fine of PHP 30,000.00 to PHP 300,000.00.
Other Threatened Species
- Imprisonment of one (1) year and one (1) day to two (2) years and/or a fine of PHP 20,000.00 to PHP 200,000.00.
Other Wildlife Species
- Imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to one (1) year and/or a fine of PHP 10,000.00 to PHP 100,000.00.